Thursday, December 8, 2011

Asiacrypt 2011 Day 4

One talk I was interested in today was the talk on the paper "Short signatures from weaker assumptions". In the paper, the authors first propose several new constructions of (m,1)-programmable hash functions (PHFs) for any m≧1. They then show how to use the new (m,1)-PHFs for generic construction of short yet efficient hash-and-sign signatures based on weaker hardness assumptions: the q-DH and RSA assumptions (Note before this work , there are some existing PHFs short signatures based on stronger assumptions: strong q-DH and strong RSA assumption). The resulting signature schemes from weak assumptions are secure in the standard model.

The concrete q-DH signature schemes are the first hash-and-sign schemes from the q-DH assumption and the proposed RSA signature schemes have considerable efficiency improvement compared to the previous standard model RSA-based signatures. Interestingly, the resulting signature schemes offer different tradeoffs between signature size, efficiency and public-key size. The bigger the parameter m in the (m,1)-PHF, the larger the public-key size, the shorter the signature size. Therefore, to obtain extremely short signatures, the size of public-key can get quite large.

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